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  • kcantekin 10:12 pm on February 21, 2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , God, , mind, nature   

    That God supervises everyone 

    Epictetus – Discourses Book 1
    I.14. That God supervises everyone

    1. There is unity between nature and mind.
    2. The mind works through nature; concepts and memories are formed by the association of impressions of natural phenomena.
    3. Since God created nature, and God gave us the faculty of having impressions,
    4. How can we deny him the ability to oversee everything that happens in this communion of nature and mind?
     
  • kcantekin 9:33 am on February 18, 2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , God, responsibility, satisfaction,   

    On satisfaction 

    Epictetus – Discourses Book 1
    I.12. On satisfaction

    There are five theories about the existence of God.

    1. Outright denial of the existence of any divinity.
    2. That God exists but is completely indifferent to anything.
    3. That God exists but is attentive to only heavenly matters, and that he never attends to earthly matters.
    4. That God exists and attends to earthly matters, including human welfare, but only in a general way.
    5. That God is so attentive to humans that we cannot to anything without him noticing.

    Odysseus and Socrates were proponents of the fifth view.

    But if God is so attentive to human affairs, and if we wish to ‘follow the gods’ as the Stoics and Platonics tell us to do, how can we be free?

    What is freedom? Is it having everything go according to our will and never contrary to it?

    Wanting all your wishes realised without caring about the reason behind those wishes is the definition of insanity. Is insanity and freedom the same thing? Of course not.

    Freedom does not mean that your wishes get a carte blanche. As with writing, music, and every other art and science where we have to learn to bring our will in line with the way these disciplines work, with freedom too we have to learn aligning our will to the order of the universe that God has created.

    Education helps us understand nature’s way, and the way of our own individual nature; so that we can start aligning our will to how things happen, and stay remain true to our own nature.

    Complaining, protesting, griping, whining and getting upset when faced with certain circumstances is the exact opposite behaviour we are seeking to achieve.

    If you feel desolate when you are alone, you should feel like God’s equal in divine uniqueness instead.

    If you are complaining of your company, and being upset of the dispositions of the people who are with you, you should feel like a guest in a feast or festival instead.

    If you refuse to keep your will in line with the circumstances, you will be doomed to be unhappy. Then, you are in prison. Conversely, Socrates was not in prison precisely because he chose to be in prison.

    You should not complain of the circumstances of your bodily existence, it is a gift from God. Do you want to make God your enemy? Do you want to go against him?

    Instead, why not care about and cherish your reason, which is the greatest gift of all and which is your side where you are equal with the gods.

    Being miserable for things that you don’t control is a waste of time and potential.

    But for the problems that you can control, the virtues of your character are all you need to deal with them.

    “You should thank the gods for making you strong enough to survive what you cannot control, and only responsible for what you can. The gods have released you from accountability for your parents, your siblings, your body, your possessions – for death and for life itself. They made you responsible only for what is in your power – the proper use of impressions. So why take on the burden of matters which you cannot answer for? You are only making unnecessary problems for yourself.”

     
  • kcantekin 11:51 am on February 11, 2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: citizen of the world, , , God,   

    What are the consequences for us of being related to God? 

    Epictetus – Discourses Book 1
    I.9. What are the consequences for us of being related to God?

    1. As mankind is related to God, this should be how every all men designate their place in this world.
    2. So instead of being a citizen of the city of X or Y, we should see ourselves as citizens of the world, just as Socrates did.
    3. That is because this designation reflects your true ancestry that you share with all men.
    4. And it includes the insignificant location your petty body was born in.
    5. This also flows from the fact that we are all members of the all-inclusive state that God administers.
    6. And being related to God, and being connected with him with reason, we too are entitled to govern alongside him.

    These truths alone should make us strong and safe.

    We should not be afraid of depending only on ourselves.

    If we cannot get what we need to survive, we shall depart this life. So what! No need to complain, as we are children of God, and having come from him our earthly bodies are a hinderance only.

    But no need for this, there is no rush. God put you in this world and it is your duty to remain in your station until you are relieved. God has assigned us a post and our duties; who are us to abandon that?

    1. God gave us power over our will and he gave us reason. What else do you need?
    2. What interest do we have in things that are not under our control?
    3. We should not care for things on which only others have power.
    4. And the things that we care for, others are powerless to affect.

    If we keep these things in mind, nothing can force us to act against our will.

    “For in fact it is silly and pointless to try to get from another person what one can get for oneself. Since I can get greatness of soul and nobility from myself, why should I look to get a farm, or money, or some office, from you? I will not be so insensible of what I already own.”

     
  • kcantekin 6:36 am on February 3, 2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , God, self-respect   

    How to draw the correct consequences from the fact that God is the father of mankind? 

    Epictetus – Discourses Book 1
    I.3. How to draw the correct consequences from the fact that God is the father of mankind?

    1. The body we share with beasts.
    2. Reason and good judgment, God has shared with us.
    3. As we are so privileged, it is wrong to think mean or lowly of ourselves.
    4. In the light of this thought, we must use our impressions to achieve respect, fidelity and confidence.
    5. And we must not allow our impressions to transform into ignoble thoughts about ourselves.
    6. Also, we must not be disheartened by the feebleness of our mortal body, as we share a faculty with God.
     
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